Quartz Hill School of Theology

Lesson 22: Niphal

The primary characteristic of the niphal is a prefixed nun נ in the perfect and the partiple. Notice the qametz under the first letter of the root in the imperfect, with a daggesh. Together, the qal, niphal, piel, and hiphil, make up 97% of all verbs in the Hebrew Bible. Generally speaking, verbs in the niphal are the passive form of the qal verbs--if the verb is used in the qal. On occasion, niphals will have a reflexive sense to them. And sometimes, a verb appears in the niphal and is used in a normal, active sense rather than passive.


Niphal    Qal    Person
נִקְטַל קָטַל 3ms
נִקְטְלָה קָטְלָה 3fs
נִקְטַלְתָּ קָטַלְתָּ 2ms
נִקְטַלְתְּ קָטַלְתְּ 2fs
נִקְטַלְתִּי קָטַלְתִּי 1cs
נִקְטְלוּ קָטְלוּ 3cp
נִקְטַלְתֶּם קְטַלְתֶּם     2mp
נִקְטַלְתֶּן קְטַלְתֶּן 2fp
נִקְטַלְנוּ קָטַלְנוּ 1cp


Niphal     Qal    Person
יִקָּטֵל יִקְטֹל 3ms
תִּקָּטֵל תִּקְטֹל 3fs
תִּקָּטֵל תִּקְטֹל 2ms
תִּקָּטְלִי תִּקְטְלִי 2fs
אֶקָּטֵל אֶקְטֹל 1cs
יִקָּטְלוּ יִקְטְלוּ 3mp
תִּקָּטַלְנָה תִּקְטֹלְנָה     3fp
תִּקָּטְלוּ תִּקְטְלוּ 2mp
תִּקָּטַלְנָה תִּקְטֹלְנָה 2fp
נִקָּטֵל נִקְטֹל 1cp


Imperative     Imperfect    Person
הִקָּטֵל תִּקָּטֵל 2ms
הִקָּטְלִי תִּקָּטְלִי 2fs
הִקָּטְלוּ תִּקָּטְלוּ 2mp
הִקָּטַלְנָה תִּקָּטַלְנָה 2fp


Infinitive Construct     Imperative
הִקָּטֵל הִקָּטֵל

Infinitive Absolute

נִקְטֹל / הִקָּטֹל


Niphal     Qal    Person
נִקְטָל קֹטֵל ms
נִקְטֶלֶת קֹטֶלֶת fs
נִקְטָלִים קֹטְלִים mp
נִקְטָלוֹת קֹטְלוֹת fp


Niphal     QalPerson
אֶקָּטְלָה     אֶקְטְלָה     1cs
נִקָּטְלָה נִקְטְלָה 1cp


Jussive     Imperfect    Person
יִקָּטֵל יִקָּטֵל 3ms


Please read pages 190-193 in Biblical Hebrew Step-by-Step.


1. Memorize the Niphal paradigm.

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