Quartz Hill School of Theology

Lesson 14: Sentences in the Negative; Declension of Singular Nouns


to whom? for whom? whose?    לְמִי
little, fewמְעַט
when, asכַּאֲשֶׁר
another, otherאַחֵר
no, not, there is (are) not    אֵין
there isיֵשׁ
no, notלֹא
also, tooגַּם
where?אֵיפֹה, אַיֵּה
how long?עַד מָתַי
how many? how great? how often?    כַּמָּה
word, thingדָּבָר
stone (f)אֶבֶן
to hearשָׁמַע
to obeyשָׁמַע בְּקוֹל

אֵין means "no, not, there is not, there are not" and so on; it depends on the context as to the precise way to render it in English. It is always placed at the beginning of a sentence that is not in the perfect or imperfect. לֹא is a simple negative meaning "no" or "not." It is placed immediately before the perfect or imperfect verb in a sentence.

Pronominal Suffixes

Whereas in English, the possesive pronoun precedes the noun it modifies (as for instance, "my horse" or "her dog", in Hebrew, as with other Semitic languages, possesive pronouns are attached as suffixes to the nouns they are modifying:

‍ ‍ ‍ ‍ ‍ ‍ ‍ ‍ ‍
“his horse”‍ ‍3ms‍ סוּסוֹ ‍=‍ וֹ ‍+‍ סוּס
“her horse”‍ ‍3fs‍ סוּסָהּ ‍=‍ ָ הּ ‍+‍ סוּס
“your horse”‍ ‍2ms‍ סוּסְךָ ‍=‍ ְ ךָ ‍+‍ סוּס
“your horse”‍ ‍2fs‍ סוּסֵךְ ‍=‍ ֵ ךְ ‍+‍ סוּס
“my horse”‍ ‍1cs‍ סוּסִי ‍=‍ ִ י ‍+‍ סוּס
“their horse”‍‍     ‍3mp‍    ‍ סוּסָם ‍=‍ ָ ם ‍+‍ סוּס
“their horse”‍ ‍3fp‍ סוּסָן ‍=‍ ָ ן ‍+‍ סוּס
“your horse”‍‍     ‍2mp‍     סוּסְכֶם ‍=‍ ְ כֶם ‍+‍ סוּס
“your horse”‍ ‍2fp‍ סוּסְכֶן ‍=‍ ְ כֶן ‍+‍ סוּס
“our horse”‍ ‍1cp‍ סוּסֵנוּ ‍=‍ ֵ נוּ ‍+‍ סוּס

Notice that the suffix for the 3rd person feminine singular "her" or "hers" has a dot in it. This distinguishes it from a femine ending. The dot is called a mappiq; it is not a daggesh, despite the fact that in appearance it is indistinguishable. The letter he ה cannot take a daggesh, and the function of the mappiq is different. Yes, it is a bit confusing, but we must simply accept a language as it is.

"her horse" = סוּסָהּ
"mare" = סוּסָה


Please read pages 118-121 in Biblical Hebrew Step-by-Step.


1. Memorize the vocabulary and paradigms.

2. Do the Exercises on pages 121-123.

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