Quartz Hill School of Theology

Lesson 13: Verbs with Guttural Roots; More on Gender


to read, call    קָרָא
to pass over, transgress    עָבַר
to giveנָתַן
to sendשָׁלַח
to findמָצָא
to go upעָלָה
to answer, reply    עָנָה
to drinkשָׁתָה
rare, precious    יָקָר
pen, stylusעֵט
that, because (conj.)    כִּי

Final het ח or ayin ע:

When the last letter of the root is a gutteral, such as שָׁלַח, then the way that Qal participles and the perfect will form will be slightly different from what you've seen with other verbs. Your textbook explains it in some detail. What you'll notice is that the masculine singular and feminine singular particples will undergo a slight change in the vowels, as will the second person feminine in the perfect.


As the student should be aware by now, generally speaking, nouns ending with a he ה or a tav ת are usually feminine (there are always exceptions, of course), as are nouns that denote female beings and nouns that are body parts that come in pairs. Added to the sorts of nouns that are feminine are the names of nations, cities and towns or villages.


Please read pages 114-116 in Biblical Hebrew Step-by-Step.


1. Memorize the vocabulary and paradigms.

2. Do the Exercises on pages 117.

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Quartz Hill School of Theology
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