Quartz Hill School of Theology

Lesson 9: Present, Middle, Indicative


αἱρω - I lift   δοξαζω - I glorify
ἀποστελλω - I send as an emissary   ἐσθιω - I eat
βαινω - I go   κρινω - I judge
καταβαινω - I go down   συναγω - I gather together
ἀναβαινω - I go up

ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the vocabulary words above.

The present, middle, indicative is used to show that the subject is acting so as to participate in some way in the results of the action. This means that such verbs should be translated reflexively; i.e., o( a0nqrwpoj e0geiretai = the man is raising himself up.

Now, for the good news! The form of the present, middle, indicative is exactly the same as the present, passive, indicative.

So, the difference is function rather than form. The context of the passage will indicate whether the verb is middle or passive in function.

Since the student has already learned the form, the following table shows the function of the present, middle, indicative:

λυομαι - I loose for myself   λυομεθα - we loose for ourselves
λυῃ - you loose for yourself   λυεσθε - you loose for yourselve
λυεται - he looses for himself   λυονται - they loose for themselves

ASSIGNMENT: Translate the following sentences as present, middle, indicatives.

1. οἱ ἀνθρωποι λαμβανονται ἀρτον και καρπον

2. κρινεται ἐν τῃ παραβολῃ του προφητον

3. οἱ ὀχλοι ἐσθιουσιν (note the -ν on the end of this verb. This letter is called a moveable -ν and it occurs quite frequently on the end of the 3rd person plural verb) ἀρτον και ὁ μεσσιας δοξαζεται

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Telephone: (661) 722-0891
Email: info@theology.edu
Website: www.theology.edu

Quartz Hill School of Theology
43543 51st Street West
Quartz Hill, CA 93536

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